E Pluribus Unum
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|Author||: W. C. Harris|
|Editor||: University of Iowa Press|
“Out of many, one.” But how do the many become one without sacrificing difference or autonomy? This problem was critical to both identity formation and state formation in late 18th- and 19th-century America. The premise of this book is that American writers of the time came to view the resolution of this central philosophical problem as no longer the exclusive province of legislative or judicial documents but capable of being addressed by literary texts as well. The project of E Pluribus Unum is twofold. Its first and underlying concern is the general philosophic problem of the one and the many as it came to be understood at the time. W. C. Harris supplies a detailed account of the genealogy of the concept, exploring both its applications and its paradoxes as a basis for state and identity formation. Harris then considers the perilous integration of the one and the many as a motive in the major literary accomplishments of 19th-century U.S. writers. Drawing upon critical as well as historical resources and upon contexts as diverse as cosmology, epistemology, poetics, politics, and Bible translation, he discusses attempts by Poe, Whitman, Melville, and William James to resolve the problems of social construction caused by the paradox of e pluribus unum by writing literary and philosophical texts that supplement the nation’s political founding documents. Poe (Eureka), Whitman (Leaves of Grass), Melville (Billy Budd), and William James (The Varieties of Religious Experience) provide their own distinct, sometimes contradictory resolutions to the conflicting demands of diversity and unity, equality and hierarchy. Each of these texts understands literary and philosophical writing as having the potential to transform-conceptually or actually-the construction of social order. This work will be of great interest to literary and constitutional scholars.
|Author||: Forrest McDonald|
|Editor||: Liberty Fund|
Having won independence from England, America faced a new question: Would this be politically one nation, or would it not? E Pluribus Unum is a spirited look at how that question came to be answered. Forrest McDonald is Professor Emeritus of American History at the University of Alabama and author of States' Rights and the Union.
|Author||: John Crum|
|Editor||: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform|
What is an American? An Australian reporter once chastised his own editor for using the phrase, "typical American." "You cannot pick an American out of a crowd, until you begin a discussion of liberty, freedom, religion, equality, democracy, and capitalism." Those six words, which we constantly struggle to define and to apply to our everyday life, define Americans. That is the Unum of our E Pluribus Unum, our American Identity. Designed for the college survey course and the U.S. History Advanced Placement course, this text is especially useful for teaching conceptual understanding. Each chapter is a potential essay or DBQ question. This text contains neither maps nor pictures. Both are readily available on the Internet. By using additional primary and secondary documents, students should conceptually understand both the discipline of history and the major forces that created the United States, our E Pluribus Unum. Historians use various concepts to guide their research - comparison, change and continuity over time, causation, periodization, and interpretation, all while placing U.S. History in a global context. Ultimately, history is what historians say it is. And yet, historians come to different conclusions about the same topic. Those arguments are what makes history so much fun!
|Author||: William E. Nelson|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
The colonies that comprised pre-revolutionary America had thirteen legal systems and governments. Given their diversity, how did they evolve into a single nation? In E Pluribus Unum, the eminent legal historian William E. Nelson explains how this diverse array of legal orders gradually converged over time, laying the groundwork for the founding of the United States. From their inception, the colonies exercised a range of approaches to the law. For instance, while New England based its legal system around the word of God, Maryland followed the common law tradition, and New York adhered to Dutch law. Over time, though, the British crown standardized legal procedure in an effort to more uniformly and efficiently exert control over the Empire. But, while the common law emerged as the dominant system across the colonies, its effects were far from what English rulers had envisioned. E Pluribus Unum highlights the political context in which the common law developed and how it influenced the United States Constitution. In practice, the triumph of the common law over competing approaches gave lawyers more authority than governing officials. By the end of the eighteenth century, many colonial legal professionals began to espouse constitutional ideology that would mature into the doctrine of judicial review. In turn, laypeople came to accept constitutional doctrine by the time of independence in 1776. Ultimately, Nelson shows that the colonies' gradual embrace of the common law was instrumental to the establishment of the United States. Not simply a masterful legal history of colonial America, Nelson's magnum opus fundamentally reshapes our understanding of the sources of both the American Revolution and the Founding.
|Author||: Gary Gerstle,John Mollenkopf|
|Editor||: Russell Sage Foundation|
The political involvement of earlier waves of immigrants and their children was essential in shaping the American political climate in the first half of the twentieth century. Immigrant votes built industrial trade unions, fought for social protections and religious tolerance, and helped bring the Democratic Party to dominance in large cities throughout the country. In contrast, many scholars find that today's immigrants, whose numbers are fast approaching those of the last great wave, are politically apathetic and unlikely to assume a similar voice in their chosen country. E Pluribus Unum? delves into the wealth of research by historians of the Ellis Island era and by social scientists studying today's immigrants and poses a crucial question: What can the nation's past experience teach us about the political path modern immigrants and their children will take as Americans? E Pluribus Unum? explores key issues about the incorporation of immigrants into American public life, examining the ways that institutional processes, civic ideals, and cultural identities have shaped the political aspirations of immigrants. The volume presents some surprising re-assessments of the past as it assesses what may happen in the near future. An examination of party bosses and the party machine concludes that they were less influential political mobilizers than is commonly believed. Thus their absence from today's political scene may not be decisive. Some contributors argue that the contemporary political system tends to exclude immigrants, while others remind us that past immigrants suffered similar exclusions, achieving political power only after long and difficult struggles. Will the strong home country ties of today's immigrants inhibit their political interest here? Chapters on this topic reveal that transnationalism has always been prominent in the immigrant experience, and that today's immigrants may be even freer to act as dual citizens. E Pluribus Unum? theorizes about the fate of America's civic ethos—has it devolved from an ideal of liberal individualism to a fractured multiculturalism, or have we always had a culture of racial and ethnic fragmentation? Research in this volume shows that today's immigrant schoolchildren are often less concerned with ideals of civic responsibility than with forging their own identity and finding their own niche within the American system of racial and ethnic distinction. Incorporating the significant influx immigrants into American society is a central challenge for our civic and political institutions—one that cuts to the core of who we are as a people and as a nation. E Pluribus Unum? shows that while today's immigrants and their children are in some ways particularly vulnerable to political alienation, the process of assimilation was equally complex for earlier waves of immigrants. This past has much to teach us about the way immigration is again reshaping the nation.
|Author||: David Schnicke|
|Editor||: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag|
The most popular American myth is a mystery. Its cultural significance is incontestable, yet hard to grasp. What is its essence? What kind of portrayals and manifestations may be discovered? And how does the myth relate to modern US-American culture? Hollywood's movie industry and Barack Obama's presidential campaign constitute two remarkable contexts which reveal the American Dream's scope of relevance and diversity of meaning. At the same time, they also expose how conformably the myth may be applied to seemingly diverging scenarios: E Pluribus Unum - Out of Many, One. In his study, David Schnicke explores the myth's historic milestones, contemporary role, and strategic utilization in reality and fiction by analyzing exemplary Hollywood productions and decisive traits and momentums of the Obama campaign. In the process, the reader gains a profound understanding of how to navigate through a narrative system so powerful in Western thinking, that its complexity is more than once concealed by its pellucid guise.
|Author||: Vita Rae Publishing|
E pluribus unum - Out of many, one is a journal designed for writing in. E pluribus unum - Out of many, one can be used for writing, note taking, reflection, or any other writing tasks. This journal makes an excellent gift as well! The book: Has a perfect bound custom design Has 120-pages of college ruled lines Has an original bespoke unique cover with a Latin phrase Is competitively and affordably priced Make sure to get e pluribus unum - Out of many, one for your favorite student, writer, or family member. Order e pluribus unum - Out of many, one today!
|Author||: D. A. Levy|
|Author||: Donald F. Kettl|
|Editor||: Princeton University Press|
"As James Madison led America's effort to write its Constitution, he made two great inventions-the separation of powers and federalism. The first is more famous, but the second was most essential because, without federalism, there could have been no United States of America. Federalism has always been about setting the balance of power between the federal government and the states-and that's revolved around deciding just how much inequality the country was prepared to accept in exchange for making piece among often-warring states. Through the course of its history, the country has moved through a series of phases, some of which put more power into the hands of the federal government, and some rested more power in the states. Sometimes this rebalancing led to armed conflict. The Civil War, of course, almost split the nation permanently apart. And sometimes it led to political battles. By the end of the 1960s, however, the country seemed to have settled into a quiet agreement that inequality was a prime national concern, that the federal government had the responsibility for addressing it through its own policies, and that the states would serve as administrative agents of that policy. But as that agreement seemed set, federalism drifted from national debate, just as the states began using their administrative role to push in very different directions. The result has been a rising tide of inequality, with the great invention that helped create the nation increasingly driving it apart"--
|Author||: Jack Citrin,David O. Sears|
|Editor||: Cambridge University Press|
This book uses national public opinion data and public opinion data from Los Angeles to compare ethnic differences in patriotism and ethnic identity and ethnic differences in support for multicultural norms and group-conscious policies. The authors find evidence of strong patriotism among all groups and the classic pattern of assimilation among the new wave of immigrants.